mysql行列转换方法总结

相关内容:MySQL和Java时间毫秒之间的转换问题的总结

[最近几天在做关于依时间查询用户认证的业务,因为在MySQL中,time字段使用的是bigint类型,所以存在其中都是毫秒数。当需要从数据库中取出毫秒数转换

在某些数据库中有交叉表,但在MySQL中却没有这个功能,但网上看到有不少朋友想找出一个解决方法,特发贴集思广义。
http://topic.csdn.net/u/20090530/23/0b782674-4b0b-4cf5-bc1a-e8914aaee5ab.html?96198
现整理解法如下:

数据样本:

create table tx(
 id int primary key,
 c1 char(2),
 c2 char(2),
 c3 int
);

insert into tx values
(1 ,'A1','B1',9),
(2 ,'A2','B1',7),
(3 ,'A3','B1',4),
(4 ,'A4','B1',2),
(5 ,'A1','B2',2),
(6 ,'A2','B2',9),
(7 ,'A3','B2',8),
(8 ,'A4','B2',5),
(9 ,'A1','B3',1),
(10 ,'A2','B3',8),
(11 ,'A3','B3',8),
(12 ,'A4','B3',6),
(13 ,'A1','B4',8),
(14 ,'A2','B4',2),
(15 ,'A3','B4',6),
(16 ,'A4','B4',9),
(17 ,'A1','B4',3),
(18 ,'A2','B4',5),
(19 ,'A3','B4',2),
(20 ,'A4','B4',5);

 

mysql> select * from tx;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | c1   | c2   | c3   |
+----+------+------+------+
|  1 | A1   | B1   |    9 |
|  2 | A2   | B1   |    7 |
|  3 | A3   | B1   |    4 |
|  4 | A4   | B1   |    2 |
|  5 | A1   | B2   |    2 |
|  6 | A2   | B2   |    9 |
|  7 | A3   | B2   |    8 |
|  8 | A4   | B2   |    5 |
|  9 | A1   | B3   |    1 |
| 10 | A2   | B3   |    8 |
| 11 | A3   | B3   |    8 |
| 12 | A4   | B3   |    6 |
| 13 | A1   | B4   |    8 |
| 14 | A2   | B4   |    2 |
| 15 | A3   | B4   |    6 |
| 16 | A4   | B4   |    9 |
| 17 | A1   | B4   |    3 |
| 18 | A2   | B4   |    5 |
| 19 | A3   | B4   |    2 |
| 20 | A4   | B4   |    5 |
+----+------+------+------+
20 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

期望结果

+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+
|C1    |B1   |B2   |B3   |B4   |Total |
+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+
|A1    |9    |2    |1    |11   |23    |
|A2    |7    |9    |8    |7    |31    |
|A3    |4    |8    |8    |8    |28    |
|A4    |2    |5    |6    |14   |27    |
|Total |22   |24   |23   |40   |109   |
+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+

1. 利用SUM(IF()) 生成列 + WITH ROLLUP 生成汇总行,并利用 IFNULL将汇总行标题显示为 Total

mysql> SELECT
    ->     IFNULL(c1,'total') AS total,
    ->     SUM(IF(c2='B1',c3,0)) AS B1,
    ->     SUM(IF(c2='B2',c3,0)) AS B2,
    ->     SUM(IF(c2='B3',c3,0)) AS B3,
    ->     SUM(IF(c2='B4',c3,0)) AS B4,
    ->     SUM(IF(c2='total',c3,0)) AS total
    -> FROM (
    ->     SELECT c1,IFNULL(c2,'total') AS c2,SUM(c3) AS c3
    ->     FROM tx
    ->     GROUP BY c1,c2
    ->     WITH ROLLUP
    ->     HAVING c1 IS NOT NULL
    -> ) AS A
    -> GROUP BY c1
    -> WITH ROLLUP;
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| total | B1   | B2   | B3   | B4   | total |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1    |    9 |    2 |    1 |   11 |    23 |
| A2    |    7 |    9 |    8 |    7 |    31 |
| A3    |    4 |    8 |    8 |    8 |    28 |
| A4    |    2 |    5 |    6 |   14 |    27 |
| total |   22 |   24 |   23 |   40 |   109 |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

2. 利用SUM(IF()) 生成列 + UNION 生成汇总行,并利用 IFNULL将汇总行标题显示为 Total
mysql> select c1,
    -> sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1,
    -> sum(if(c2='B2',C3,0)) AS B2,
    -> sum(if(c2='B3',C3,0)) AS B3,
    -> sum(if(c2='B4',C3,0)) AS B4,SUM(C3) AS TOTAL
    -> from tx
    -> group by C1
    -> UNION
    -> SELECT 'TOTAL',sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1,
    -> sum(if(c2='B2',C3,0)) AS B2,
    -> sum(if(c2='B3',C3,0)) AS B3,
    -> sum(if(c2='B4',C3,0)) AS B4,SUM(C3) FROM TX
    -> ;
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| c1    | B1   | B2   | B3   | B4   | TOTAL |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1    |    9 |    2 |    1 |   11 |    23 |
| A2    |    7 |    9 |    8 |    7 |    31 |
| A3    |    4 |    8 |    8 |    8 |    28 |
| A4    |    2 |    5 |    6 |   14 |    27 |
| TOTAL |   22 |   24 |   23 |   40 |   109 |
+-------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

相关内容:[MySQL] 行列转换变化各种方法实现总结(行变列报表统计、列变行数据记录统计等)

[前言: mysql行列变化,最难的就是将多个列变成多行,使用的比较多的是统计学中行变列,列变行,没有找到现成的函数或者语句,所以自己写了存储过程

mysql>

 

3.  利用SUM(IF()) 生成列,直接生成结果不再利用子查询
mysql> select ifnull(c1,'total'),
    -> sum(if(c2='B1',C3,0)) AS B1,
    -> sum(if(c2='B2',C3,0)) AS B2,
    -> sum(if(c2='B3',C3,0)) AS B3,
    -> sum(if(c2='B4',C3,0)) AS B4,SUM(C3) AS TOTAL
    -> from tx
    -> group by C1 with rollup ;
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| ifnull(c1,'total') | B1   | B2   | B3   | B4   | TOTAL |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1                 |    9 |    2 |    1 |   11 |    23 |
| A2                 |    7 |    9 |    8 |    7 |    31 |
| A3                 |    4 |    8 |    8 |    8 |    28 |
| A4                 |    2 |    5 |    6 |   14 |    27 |
| total              |   22 |   24 |   23 |   40 |   109 |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>


4. 动态,适用于列不确定情况,

mysql> SET @EE='';
mysql> SELECT @EE:=CONCAT(@EE,'SUM(IF(C2=\'',C2,'\'',',C3,0)) AS ',C2,',') FROM (SELECT DISTINCT C2 FROM TX) A;

 

mysql> SET @QQ=CONCAT('SELECT ifnull(c1,\'total\'),',LEFT(@EE,LENGTH(@EE)-1),' ,SUM(C3) AS TOTAL FROM TX GROUP BY C1 WITH ROLLUP');
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> PREPARE stmt2 FROM @QQ;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Statement prepared

mysql> EXECUTE stmt2;
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| ifnull(c1,'total') | B1   | B2   | B3   | B4   | TOTAL |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
| A1                 |    9 |    2 |    1 |   11 |    23 |
| A2                 |    7 |    9 |    8 |    7 |    31 |
| A3                 |    4 |    8 |    8 |    8 |    28 |
| A4                 |    2 |    5 |    6 |   14 |    27 |
| total              |   22 |   24 |   23 |   40 |   109 |
+--------------------+------+------+------+------+-------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

以上均由网友  liangCK , wwwwb , WWWWA , dap570 提供, 再次感谢他们的支持。

其实数据库中也可以用 CASE WHEN / DECODE 代替 IF

相关内容:MySQL监控性能的一些方法总结

[---首先,Oracle中的逻辑读对应物理读的概念,是在利用数据缓存区的技术上,对数据访问次数的计数分类。---物理读,真正有IO;逻辑读,是从缓存区读

相关问题

评论

写下你的理解